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    Side effects in Men

    • Reduced sperm count and fertility
    • Shrunken testicles
    • Baldness
    • Gynaecomastia (developing breasts)
    • Involuntarily and long-lasting erection

  • Side effects in Women

    • Facial hair growth
    • Irregular periods
    • Deepened voice
    • Smaller breasts
    • Enlarged clitoris

    Pregnant women who use steroids risk passing on male traits to unborn daughters due to the increased male hormones in their bloodstream. The only way to avoid the risk of fetal damage is to stop using steroids at least 4 months before falling pregnant, as well as during pregnancy.

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    Side effects in Young people

    Young men are more likely than young women to use steroids to gain weight and muscle mass. The risks of the following side effects are higher if steroids are injected by young men in their late teens/ early 20s, before they have stopped growing:

    • Stunted growth
    • Premature balding
    • Acne scarring
    • Stretch marks on chest and arms
    • Prematurely-aged, ‘leathery’ skin
    • Injuries from excessively intense gym workouts

  • Injecting risks

    Injecting steroids can cause permanent nerve damage, which can lead to sciatica. Injecting in unhygienic environments or sharing equipment with others also increases the risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, tetanus or Hepatitis C or B.

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  • After you’ve given it some thought, pull mom or dad aside, whomever you’re more comfortable with, and start talking. Make sure your tone of voice, words, and actions convey a willingness to communicate and find solutions to the problem. If you say nice things with a nasty look on your face, you may not get the response you were looking for.

  • Try expressing that fear and asking your parent not to be angry with you. You might start by saying, “I want to talk to you about something but I’m afraid you’ll get mad.” When your parent encourages you to open up, ask or tell them what’s on our mind.

  • Don't know what to say?

    Guess what – neither do they. You’ve probably learned that parents are human – they make mistakes, they feel awkward discussing certain topics, and they want to be liked, just like you.

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  • "But they don't understand!"

    And maybe they don’t. But do you understand them? Try to putting yourself in their shoes – feel how much they love you, how scared they are of the mistakes you might make and how they just want you to succeed in life. 

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  • Express your worries

    Try expressing that you may be afraid and ask your parent or guardian not to be angry with you. You might start by saying, “I want to talk to you about something but I’m afraid you’ll get mad.” 

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  • Communication is Key

    After you’ve given it some thought, pull your parent or guardian aside and start talking. Make sure your tone of voice, words, and actions show a willingness to communicate and find solutions to the problem. 

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  • If all else fails

    Remember that by no means are parents your only resource. You can also reach out to close friends, teachers, or older people you trust and respect. But don’t count your parents out completely, especially on the important stuff. Your family can be a never-ending source of strength and support when everyone else goes back to their own lives.

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    Monkey See, Monkey Do

    Set an example.

    Most parents come home and after all the tasks are complete you may enjoy a glass of wine (or 2!) to unwind but you need to begin to set an example. Young people generally think in the "Monkey See, Monkey Do" mentality whereby if they see you doing something they then think it's the new normal. Alcohol is a drug that kills more people worldwide than any other drug so try not to normalise alcohol if at all possible. 

    Wait until your child has gone to bed or is out of the room before unwinding with a drink. This will help facilitate your conversation when you approach the topic of alcohol and underage drinking and your child won't be able to argue your points by stating things like " Well you drink a glass every evening and that's fine".

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    Set an example.

    Most parents come home and after all the tasks are complete you may enjoy a glass of wine (or 2!) to unwind but you need to begin to set an example. Young people generally think in the “Monkey See, Monkey Do” mentality whereby if they see you doing something they then think it’s the new normal. Alcohol is a drug that kills more people worldwide than any other drug so try not to normalise alcohol if at all possible. 

    Wait until your child has gone to bed or is out of the room before unwinding with a drink. This will help facilitate your conversation when you approach the topic of alcohol and underage drinking and your child won’t be able to argue your points by stating things like ” Well you drink a glass every evening and that’s fine”.

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    Clench your fist

    "Mom/Dad! I smoked 2 joints with my friends today"

    Your child has just come home and notified you of this. What is the first thought running through your mind right now? I'm sure it's not a warm and welcoming embrace.

    STOP - Clench your fist, turn around and come back in 5 mins. 

    You need to take a breather and gather your thoughts. The single worst thing you can do is immediately retaliate and start shouting. This will no solve anything and will shut that door of communication. Instead come back sit down and ask your child to explain what is going on - they will tell you. Show them that you are listening, seeing their point of view and then give them factual information. Assure them you are here to help. 

    You should explain how you care about them and their future. Teens who feel supported and loved are also more likely to stop experimenting with drugs or seek help if they have an addiction.

    There is no shame in getting more help and there are a wide range of great and confidential resources available. 

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    “Mom/Dad! I smoked 2 joints with my friends today”

    Your child has just come home and notified you of this. What is the first thought running through your mind right now? I’m sure it’s not a warm and welcoming embrace.

    STOP – Clench your fist, turn around and come back in 5 mins. 

    You need to take a breather and gather your thoughts. The single worst thing you can do is immediately retaliate and start shouting. This will no solve anything and will shut that door of communication. Instead come back sit down and ask your child to explain what is going on – they will tell you. Show them that you are listening, seeing their point of view and then give them factual information. Assure them you are here to help. 

    You should explain how you care about them and their future. Teens who feel supported and loved are also more likely to stop experimenting with drugs or seek help if they have an addiction.

    There is no shame in getting more help and there are a wide range of great and confidential resources available. 

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    Give them a way out

    Peer pressure is something every young person will go through at some stage of their lives but a lot of the time your child may not want to participate but sees no way out. They don't want to be branded as uncool or a loser by their peers but they also understand that what they are about to do is wrong. 

    Give them an escape! 

    Parents have played "the bad guy" for centuries so you will be well used to it. Pick a word that your child can text you at anytime and you will immediately know to call them and start telling them you want them home. 

    They will have to tell their friends that they must go, you look like the bad guy saving them the stress and embarrassment of saying no and your child is home safe and sound - everybody wins!

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    Peer pressure is something every young person will go through at some stage of their lives but a lot of the time your child may not want to participate but sees no way out. They don’t want to be branded as uncool or a loser by their peers but they also understand that what they are about to do is wrong. 

    Give them an escape! 

    Parents have played “the bad guy” for centuries so you will be well used to it. Pick a word that your child can text you at anytime and you will immediately know to call them and start telling them you want them home. 

    They will have to tell their friends that they must go, you look like the bad guy saving them the stress and embarrassment of saying no and your child is home safe and sound – everybody wins!

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    Knowledge

    Our workshop has made people more informed of issues around drugs including the dangers around alcohol. Our team has a wealth of knowledge in this area. 

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    Our workshop has made people more informed of issues around drugs including the dangers around alcohol. Our team has a wealth of knowledge in this area. 

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    Perception

    Our programme increases the danger perception in drugs such as Cocaine, Ecstasy & Synthetic Drugs. 

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    Our programme increases the danger perception in drugs such as Cocaine, Ecstasy & Synthetic Drugs. 

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    Trust

    Trust in Parents, Teachers and Adults increased in terms of looking to know more about drugs after the programme. The workshop also increases confidence in discussing these issues.

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    Trust in Parents, Teachers and Adults increased in terms of looking to know more about drugs after the programme. The workshop also increases confidence in discussing these issues.

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    Connection

    We do things a little differently at Alex's Adventure - We connect with the students.

    Our message is unbiased and we pride ourselves on this fact. Our programmes and workshops are relevant, current and easy to understand. 

    04

    We do things a little differently at Alex’s Adventure – We connect with the students.

    Our message is unbiased and we pride ourselves on this fact. Our programmes and workshops are relevant, current and easy to understand. 

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    Feedback

    Over the years we have received so much feedback and we always let our works speak for itself. 

    The students said Nicole's talk was the best talk they have ever attended, ever!

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    Over the years we have received so much feedback and we always let our works speak for itself. 

    The students said Nicole’s talk was the best talk they have ever attended, ever!

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    This combination medication is used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – ADHD. It works by changing the amounts of certain natural substances in the brain. Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine belongs to a class of drugs known as Stimulants. It can help increase your ability to pay attention, stay focused on an activity, and control behavior problems. It may also help you to organize your tasks and improve listening skills. 

  • This drug is also used to treat a certain sleeping disorder (narcolepsy) to help you stay awake during the day. It should not be used to treat tiredness or to hold off sleep in people who do not have a sleep disorder.

    If you suddenly stop taking Adderall, you may have Adderall withdrawal symptoms, also known as an “Adderall Crash.”

    Symptoms of Adderall withdrawal can include depression, insomnia or other sleep disorders, irritability, and extreme fatigue.

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    • Using methadone on its own is unlikely to result in an overdose.
    • Methadone maintenance keeps the person stable while they make positive changes in their life.
    • Health problems are reduced or avoided, especially those related to injecting, such as HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses, skin infections and vein problems.
    • Doses are required only once a day, sometimes even less often, because methadone’s effects are long lasting.
    • Methadone is much cheaper than heroin.

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    Alcohol can disrupt important development in the brain. Teenage drinking can result in significant changes in certain parts of the brain & the regions most affected are responsible for learning, memory & decision making.

    The earlier a young person starts drinking, the greater their risk of becoming dependent on alcohol. 

    A person is 4x more likely to become dependent on alcohol if they start drinking before the age of 15 as opposed to those who wait until the legal drinking age. 

  • How can it affect you?

    Alcohol use can harm young persons mental health. Rates of depression and anxiety in young people are significantly higher when they are drinking to harmful or dependent levels.

    Drinking alcohol can cause young people to make poor decisions or lead them into harmful situations including:

    • Getting in trouble with the law
    • Using other drugs
    • STI’s or unplanned pregnancies
    • Accidents or injuries
    • Victim of Assaults or other crimes
    • Unwanted sexual activity

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    Amyl Nitrite is a depressant which means it slows down the messages travelling between the brain and body. Classified as an inhalant, it belongs to a class of drugs known as Nitrates, which also includes Butyl Nitrite, Isobutyl Nitrate and Nitroglycerine. Amyl Nitrite is a vasodilator and vasodilators are medicines that cause the blood vessels in the body to dilate and the involuntary smooth muscles to relax.

  • Common names & how is it used?

    Poppers

    Liquid Gold

    Rush

    Purple Haze

    Buzz

    Amyl Nitrite is used medically in some cardiac procedures, including treatment for cyanide poisoning, as well as for angina.

    Recreationally, it is used to enhance sexual experience or to experience a general sense of pleasure. The effects are felt within 30 seconds of taking the drug, and last for around 2-3 minutes.

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    What does it look like?

    Amyl Nitrite is an extremely flammable oil that is clear in color and is commonly inhaled from a small glass bottle. It typically has a distinct smell similar to dirty socks. Historically, Amyl Nitrite has been primarily used among the gay community. This trend is still common; however, it has also become a common ‘party drug’ that is used more widely.

  • What's the cost of drinking?

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    See how much drinking is costing you by calculating your drinks here.

    Drinks Calculator

  • Worried about drug use?

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    Take the confidential and informative drug test online.

    Drug Test 

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    Aspirin is a pharmaceutical drug used to reduce pain or inflammation. It is classified as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

    Aspirin can be used to treat:

    • Mild to moderate pain
    • Fever
    • Swollen, red and tender body tissues
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Rheumatic fever

  • How is it used?

    It is also used in the prevention of blood clots, heart attacks, strokes and bowel cancer.

    Some people misuse aspirin by intentionally taking more than the recommended dose in a mistaken attempt to get ‘high’, or as an act of self-harm.

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    What does it look like?

    Aspirin is usually swallowed and comes in different forms including:
    • Tablets
    • Capsules
    • Suppositories
    • Soluble powders and tablets
    • Liquids

     

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    Dabs or dabbing are slang names for the use of concentrated Butane Hash Oil (or BHO). It is a relatively new method of using/ingesting cannabis that involves the inhalation of highly concentrated tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main active chemical in cannabis. This concentrated form is produced through a chemical process using butane oil. It is also known as marijuana wax, budder, honeycomb and shatter and has been reported to have a THC concentration of approximately 80% (in comparison with traditional cannabis which is about 14-15%).

     

  • How is it used?

    The use of butane hash oil is not a new practice, but it does appear to be gaining in popularity. There is anecdotal evidence that indicates people believe dabbing is a safer method of cannabis ingestion as opposed to a bong or joint due to the cannabis being vaporised and that the high potency of dabs reduces the number of times it needs to be taken to produce a ‘high’.

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    Dangers

    It has been reported that the home production of BHO (known as blasting) is hazardous as butane is flammable and highly volatile with a number of incidents such explosions, fires and severe burns occurring in the US.

  • There is little known about the risks of ‘dabs’ compared to traditional cannabis but it has been proposed that the increased level of THC and the unique method of using may increase the risk of dependence and intensify withdrawal symptoms.

    The latest research suggests that health care workers should be aware that dabbing may have serious health consequences for young people—including a higher risk of psychotic symptoms developing due to the high potency of dabs.

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    Cannabis is classified as a cannabinoid drug. The exact number of different cannabinoids in the cannabis sativa plant is still being researched, but it primarily contains the psychoactive cannabinoid THC (delta9 tetrahydrocannabinol) and the non-psychoactive cannabidiol (CBD).

  • Common Names & How is it used?

    Marijuana

    Pot/Weed

    Dope

    Gunja

    Joint

    Stick

    Chronic

    Cannabis can be smoked, eaten or vaporized and comes in different forms. Users report that the subjective effects of cannabis vary significantly depending on the form consumed.

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    Cannabis Variants

    Marijuana – the dried leaves and flowers (buds) of the cannabis plant that are smoked in a joint or a bong. This is the most common form.
    Hashish – the dried plant resin that is usually mixed with tobacco and smoked or added to foods and baked; such as cookies and brownies.
    Hash oil – liquid that is usually used sparingly (due to high potency) and added to the tip of a joint or cigarette and smoked.
    Concentrates – extracts (dabs, wax or shatter) typically using butane hash oil as a solvent, often vaporized in small quantities due to high THC content.

  • Cannabis can be prepared into various foods generally called ‘edibles’. It takes between 1-3 hours to feel the effects after eating cannabis. Impatient or naïve users may believe they have not taken enough to feel the effects, and if they consume more they may find later that the psychoactive effects are unpleasantly strong.

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    When edible products have inconsistent levels of THC even experienced users may find it difficult to regulate the amount consumed. When smoked or vaporized, the effects are usually felt straight away. There are health concerns about the impact of smoking, especially in the long term and if mixed with tobacco.

    Cannabis can also come in synthetic form which is more harmful than real cannabis.

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    Cocaine is a stimulant drug which means that it speeds up the messages travelling between the brain and the rest of the body. Cocaine comes from the leaves of the coca bush (Erythroxylum coca), which is native to South America.

  • Cocaine Variants

    The leaf extract is processed to produce 3 different forms of cocaine.

    Cocaine hydrochloride:a white, crystalline powder with a bitter, numbing taste. Cocaine hydrochloride is often mixed, or ‘cut’, with other substances such as lactose and glucose, to dilute it before being sold.

    Freebase: a white powder that is more pure with less impurity than cocaine hydrochloride.

    Crack: crystals ranging in color from white or cream to transparent with a pink or yellow hue, it may contain impurities.

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    Common names & How is it used?

    C

    Coke

    Nose Candy

    Snow

    Charlie

    Blow

    White 

    Flake

    Cocaine hydrochloride is most commonly snorted. It can also be injected, rubbed into the gums, added to drinks or food. Freebase and crack cocaine are usually smoked. Indigenous people of South America have traditionally chewed the leaves of the coca bush, or brewed them as a tea, for use as a stimulant or appetite suppressant.

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    Codeine is part of a group of drugs known as Opioids. Opioids interact with opioid receptors in the brain and elicit a range of responses within the body, from feelings of pain relief, to relaxation, pleasure and contentment. Codeine is used to provide relief from a number of conditions, including:

    • Mild to moderate pain
    • Severe pain (when combined with aspirin or paracetamol)
    • Dry irritating cough
    • Diarrhea
    • Cold and flu (when combined with antihistamines and decongestants)

  • Common Names

    Captain Cody

    Cody

    Little C

    Schoolboy

    Codeine Syrup includes: 

    Act

    Lean

    Purple Drank

    Sizzurp

    Texas Tea

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    How is it used?

    Some people misuse codeine by intentionally taking more than the recommended dose to get high, or as an act of self-harm. Codeine is usually swallowed and comes in different forms, including:

    • Tablets
    • Capsules
    • Suppositories
    • Soluble powders and tablets
    • Liquids

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    Cocaine and Crack differ in appearance.

    Cocaine is generally found in white powder form, and crack is found in a rock form that is generally white, cream, tan, or light brown. Crack and cocaine also differ in the manner in which they are used. Cocaine is typically snorted, and Crack is typically smoked. When cocaine is injected or smoked, the drug takes effect more quickly, resulting in a more intense but shorter high. When cocaine is snorted, it takes longer to feel its effects but the resulting high lasts longer.

  • How does it work?

    Crack speeds up the delivery of cocaine’s powerful chemical impact. Crack’s impact on brain means users can also experience surges in confidence and energy. 

    Crack is usually smoked. 

    Smoking the drug produces a faster, more intense high than snorting does because it reaches the bloodstream and brain more quickly. However, the effects of smoking cocaine are shorter in duration, lasting only 5 to 10 minutes verses 15 to 30 minutes for  sniffing the powder.

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    Common Names

    Black Rock

    Crack

    Crankenstein

    Dice

    Hard Rock

    Kryptonite

    Poor Man’s Cocaine

    Rock/Rocks

    Sleet

    Sugar Block

  • Crack was developed as a cheaper alternative to cocaine, making it more easily affordable to users. As a less expensive alternative, it became more accessible to those in the lower socioeconomic demographic.

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    DMT — or N, N-dimethyltryptamine in medical talk — is a hallucinogenic tryptamine drug. Sometimes referred to as Dimitri, this drug produces effects similar to those of psychedelics, like LSD and magic mushrooms

  • Common Names

    Dimitri

    Businessman’s Special

    Fantasia

    The Spirit Molecule

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    How is it used?

    It is typically consumed in the following ways:

    • vaporized or smoked in a pipe
    • consumed orally in brews like ayahuasca
    • snorted or injected on rare occasions

    When smoked, the average dose of DMT is believed to be somewhere between 30 to 150 milligrams (mg), and the onset of action can be felt almost instantly. The effects peak and plateau for 3 to 5 minutes, and gradually drop off with the duration of effect totaling 30 to 45 minutes.

    When consumed as a brew, the dose is between 35 to 75 mg. Effects begin after 30 to 45 minutes, peak after 2 to 3 hours and are resolved in 4 to 6 hours.

  • There is some evidence that DMT is also produced endogenously, in other words, it is produced naturally in the body, specifically in the pineal gland in the brain.

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    Do speak to your friend:
    • when you’re both sober and in the right state of mind
    • somewhere private and familiar (your friend might become emotional)
    • when you have plenty of time – it’s not a conversation you can rush
    • more than once – you may need to have several conversations

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    Do speak to your friend:

    • when you’re both sober and in the right state of mind
    • somewhere private and familiar (your friend might become emotional)
    • when you have plenty of time – it’s not a conversation you can rush
    • more than once – you may need to have several conversations
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    Don’t speak to your friend in a way that:
    • is judgmental or critical – it won’t help
    • doesn’t give them time to talk – try to speak less and listen more
    • assumes superiority – don’t act like you know better (even if that’s what you think)

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    Don’t speak to your friend in a way that:

    • is judgmental or critical – it won’t help
    • doesn’t give them time to talk – try to speak less and listen more
    • assumes superiority – don’t act like you know better (even if that’s what you think)
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    Ecstasy is an an Empathogen, which means it increases an individual’s feeling of empathy and compassion towards others. Ecstasy contains the drug MDMA. However, many pills sold as ecstasy only have a small amount of MDMA or none at all. Other drugs and ‘fillers’ are often used instead. This makes it hard to know what reactions to expect after taking ecstasy or how bad the side effects will be.

    Ecstasy is the pill while MDMA is the powder.

  • Common Names

    Scooby Snacks

    E

    XTC

    Pills

    Disco Biscuits 

    Bikkies

    Molly

    Ecstasy can also be called by their shape, color or their brand i.e. Pink Snails (because of they are pink in color and shaped like snails), Pink Diamonds, Gold Bars etc. 

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    How is it used?

    Ecstasy comes in a tablet form and is usually swallowed. The pills come in different colors and sizes and are often imprinted with a picture or symbol.

    It can also come as capsules, powder or crystal.

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    Fentanyl is part of a group of drugs known as Opioids. Opioids interact with opioid receptors in the brain and elicit a range of responses within the body; from feelings of pain relief, to relaxation, pleasure and contentment. It is prescribed in the event of chronic, severe pain as a result of cancer, nerve damage, back injury, major trauma and surgery.

    It is about 80 to 100 times stronger than morphine.

  • Fentanyl is available in many forms. Pharmaceutical fentanyl is used for managing acute or chronic pain. Illicit fentanyl can be manufactured for use in the illegal drug market.

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    Medicinal use

    Medicinal fentanyl comes in a number of different forms and strengths including:
    • Transdermal patches 
    • Lozenges/lollipops
    • Intravenous injection 

  • Illicit use

    Some people use fentanyl illegally by extracting the fentanyl from the patch and injecting it. This is very risky as it is extremely hard to judge a dose size. Fentanyl can be ‘diverted’. Diversion occurs when medication that is prescribed by a medical professional, is not used appropriately, or is given or sold to a third party. Fentanyl is sometimes mixed with other drugs to increase potency.

    Illicitly manufactured fentanyl can be:

    • a stand alone product
    • a low cost additive to increase the potency of other illicit drugs such as heroin
    • sold as counterfeit medicines (such as oxycodone)

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    GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate) or more commonly known as “The Date Rape Drug” or “Roofies” is a depressant, which means it slows down the messages travelling between the brain and the body. GBL (gamma butyrolactone) and 1,4-BD (1,4-butanediol) are chemicals that are closely related to GHB. Once GBL or 1,4-BD enter the body, they convert to GHB almost immediately. GHB usually comes as a colourless, odourless, bitter or salty liquid, which is usually sold in small bottles or vials. It can also come as a bright blue liquid known as ‘blue nitro’, and less commonly as a crystal powder.

    It can also come as a pill which is more commonly used to spike drinks. 

  • Common Names

    G

    Juice

    Liquid Ecstasy/Liquid E

    Liquid X

    Blue Nitro

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    How is it used?

     

    GHB is usually swallowed, but sometimes it’s injected or inserted anally.

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    Heroin is part of a group of drugs known as Opioids. Opioids interact with opioid receptors in the brain and elicit a range of responses within the body; from feelings of pain relief, to relaxation, pleasure and contentment.

    Heroin comes in different forms, including:

    • Fine white powder
    • Coarse off-white granules
    • Tiny pieces of light brown ‘rock’

  • Common Names

    Smack

    Gear

    Hammer

    The Dragon

    Junk

    Harry

    China White

    Dr Harry

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    How is it used?

    Heroin is usually injected into a vein, but it’s also smoked (‘chasing the dragon’) and added to cigarettes and cannabis. The effects are usually felt straight away. The effects take around 10 to 15 minutes if snorted.

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    Ibuprofen is a pharmaceutical drug that is classified as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

    Ibuprofen is used to treat a number of conditions including:

    • Mild to moderate pain
    • Severe pain (when combined with codeine)
    • Fever
    • Swollen, red and tender tissues (inflammation)
    • Rheumatoid arthritis, back pain and gout (in conjunction with physiotherapy)

  • Some people misuse ibuprofen by intentionally taking more than the recommended dose in a mistaken attempt to get high, or as an act of self-harm.

    Ibuprofen is usually swallowed and comes in different forms including:

    • Tablets
    • Capsules
    • Suppositories
    • Soluble powders
    • Liquids

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    Crystal methamphetamine (‘ice’) is a stimulant drug which means it speeds up the messages travelling between the brain and the body. It’s stronger, more addictive and therefore has more harmful side effects than the powder form of methamphetamine known as speed. Ice usually comes as small chunky clear crystals that look like ice. It can also come as white or brownish crystal-like powder with a strong smell and bitter taste.

  • Common Names

    Crystal Meth

    Shabu

    Crystal

    Glass

    Shard

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    How is it used?

    Ice is generally smoked (feel the effect almost immediately) or injected (15 to 30 seconds to feel the effects). It is sometimes swallowed (15 to 20 minutes to feel the effects) or snorted (3 to 5 minutes to feel the effects).

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    6,000+ Young People

    Thousands of young people have received benefits from our innovative workshop.

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    6,000+ Young People

    Thousands of young people have received benefits from our innovative workshop.

  • 60+ Schools & Businesses

    Have seen the impact and the benefit of what we do.

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    60+ Schools & Businesses

    Have seen the impact and the benefit of what we do.

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    170+ Workshops Delivered

    We have a variety of workshops from schools and colleges to parental and corporate workshop.

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    170+ Workshops Delivered

    We have a variety of workshops from schools and colleges to parental and corporate workshop.

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    Inhalants are common household, industrial and medical products that produce vapours, which some people inhale (breathe in) to make them feel intoxicated or high.

  • Inhalants include:

    • Aerosol spray
    • Chrome-based paint
    • Paint and paint thinner
    • Felt-tipped pens
    • Correction fluid (e.g. ‘Liquid Paper’)
    • Gas from lighters or barbecues (butane)
    • Cleaning fluid
    • Glue
    • Petrol
    • Nitrous oxide

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    Common Names

    Glue

    Gas

    Sniff

    Huff

    Chroming

    Poppers

  • How are they used?

    Inhalants are inhaled through the nose or mouth. They may be sprayed into a plastic bag, poured into a bottle or soaked onto a cloth or sleeve before being inhaled. Sometimes they are inhaled directly from the container or are sprayed directly into the mouth or nose. This method is very dangerous because it can cause suffocation.

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    Ketamine is used by medical practitioners and veterinarians as an anesthetic. It is sometimes used illegally by people to get high. Ketamine can produce hallucinogenic effects, causing a person to see, hear, smell, feel or taste things that aren’t really there or are different from how they are in reality. When it’s sold illegally, ketamine usually comes as a white crystalline powder. It can also be made into tablets and pills or dissolved in a liquid. A number of clinical trials and studies are currently being undertaken to assess ketamine as a treatment for depression, early indications are showing good results.

  • Common Names

    Special K

    K

    Ket

    Kitkat

    Super K

    Horse Trank

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    How is it used?

    Ketamine can be swallowed, snorted or injected.

    It is also sometimes smoked with cannabis or tobacco. The effects of ketamine may be experienced within 30 seconds if injected, 5–10 minutes if snorted, and up to 20 minutes if swallowed. The effects of ketamine can last for approximately 45 to 90 minutes.

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    Khat is a stimulant drug which means it speeds up the messages going between the brain and the body. The drug is the leaves and buds of the khat plant (Catha edulis Forsk). The leaves may be used fresh or dried.

  • Common Names

    Qat

    Kat

    Chat

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    How is it used?

    People use the leaves and buds of the khat plant and the leafy green shrub that can grow to tree size.

    • Fresh leaves and buds are chewed
    • Dried khat is chewed, taken as tea or smoked

    The chewing of khat leaves is common in some countries of east Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. It has a deep-rooted social and cultural tradition in some Muslim, Somali and Yemeni cultures. In some Muslim countries in which alcohol is prohibited, khat is commonly used in social situations, although it is often condemned on religious grounds.

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    Kratom is a tropical tree (Mitragyna speciosa) native to Southeast Asia, with leaves that contain compounds that can have psychotropic (mind-altering) effects. It can cause effects similar to both opioids and stimulants.

    Kratom is a controlled substance and has been easy to order on the internet. It is sometimes sold as a green powder in packets labeled “not for human consumption.” It is also sometimes sold as an extract or gum.

  • Common Names

    Biak

    Ketum

    Kakuam

    Ithan

    Thom

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    How is it used?

    Most people take kratom as a pill, capsule, or extract. Some people chew kratom leaves or brew the dried or powdered leaves as a tea. Sometimes the leaves are smoked or eaten in food.

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    LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is a synthetic chemical, made from a substance found in ergot, which is a fungus that infects rye (grain). LSD belongs to a group of drugs known as Hallucinogens (also known as ‘psychedelics’). When small doses are taken, it can produce mild changes in perception, mood and thought. When larger doses are taken, it may produce visual hallucinations and distortions of space and time.

    Sometimes, what is sold as LSD can actually be other chemicals such as NBOMe or the 2C family of drugs (part of the new psychoactive substances). These can be quite dangerous, as their quality is inconsistent, plus the potential to take too much of these other substances can be fatal and a number of deaths have been reported due to people taking them.

  • Common Names

    Acid

    Trips

    Tabs

    Microdots

    Dots

    Lucy

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    How is it used?

    LSD is usually swallowed, but it can also be sniffed, injected or smoked.

    In its pure state, LSD is a white odourless crystalline substance. However, LSD is so potent that an effective dose of pure drug is so small it is virtually invisible. As a result it is usually diluted with other materials. The most common form of LSD, is drops of LSD solution dried onto gelatin sheets, pieces of blotting paper or sugar cubes, which release the drug when they are swallowed. LSD is also sometimes sold as a liquid, in a tablet or in capsules.

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    Psilocybin or magic mushrooms are naturally occurring and are consumed for their hallucinogenic effects. They belong to a group of drugs known as Psychedelics because of the changes experienced to perception, mood and thought. The key ingredient found in magic mushrooms is psilocybin. When psilocybin is taken, it is converted in the body to psilocin, which is the chemical with the psychoactive properties.

  • Common Names

    Shrooms

    Mushies

    Blue Meanies

    Golden Tops

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    How are they used?

    Magic mushrooms are eaten fresh, cooked or brewed into a tea. The dried version is sometimes smoked, mixed with cannabis or tobacco.

    Magic mushrooms look much like ordinary mushrooms. There are many different types of magic mushrooms. The most common ones in Ireland are called Fly-Agaric/Amanita Muscaria and Liberty Caps. Magic mushrooms look similar to poisonous mushrooms that can cause a person to become very sick and can result in death. They can also come as dried material in capsules. Synthetic psilocybin appears as a white crystalline powder that can be processed into tablets or capsules or dissolved in water.

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    Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is an an empathogen which means it increases an individual’s feeling of empathy and compassion towards others.

    MDMA is commonly called and known as Ecstasy. However, some pills sold as ecstasy may only have a small amount of MDMA or none at all. Other drugs and ‘fillers’ are often used instead. This makes it hard to know what reactions to expect after taking MDMA or if negative side effects will be experienced.

  • Common Names

    MD

    Ecstasy

    Smarties

    Molly

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    How is it used?

    MDMA usually comes in a tablet form and is swallowed. The pills come in different colors and sizes and are often imprinted with a picture or symbol. 

    It can also come as capsules, powder or crystal.

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    Methadone is a prescription drug, and is part of a group of drugs known as Opioids. Opioids are depressant drugs, which means they slow down the messages travelling between the brain and the rest of the body. Methadone is taken as a replacement for heroin and other opioids as part of treatment for dependence on these drugs. Replacing a drug of dependence with a prescribed drug in this way is known as pharmacotherapy.

    As well as improving wellbeing by preventing physical withdrawal, pharmacotherapy helps to stabilise the lives of people who are dependent on heroin and other opioids, and to reduce the harms related to drug use. Methadone is also used to relieve pain following heart attacks, trauma and surgery.

  • Common Names

     

    Done or “The Done”

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    How is it used?

    Maintenance (long-term programs): May last for months or years and aim to reduce the harms associated with drug use and improve quality of life.
    Withdrawal (short-term detoxification programs): Run for approximately 5-14 days and aim to ease the discomfort of stopping the use of heroin.les, powder or crystal.

    For pain relief methadone is administered through an injection or tablets.

  • How effective is it?

    Methadone treatment is more likely to be successful if it is part of a comprehensive treatment program, which addresses the body, mind and environment in which heroin has been used. For example, treatment may include a combination of methadone, counselling, alternative therapies and the development of a positive support network of peers, friends and a support group. Methadone maintenance may not work for everyone, so it is important to work with a doctor or drug counselor to find the best approach.

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    Amphetamines + some Antidepressants

     

    Elevated blood pressure, which can lead to irregular heartbeat, heart failure and stroke.

  • Amphetamines + Alcohol, Cannabis or Benzodiazepines

     

    The body is placed under a high degree of stress as it attempts to deal with the conflicting effects of both types of drugs, which can lead to an overdose.

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    Amyl Nitrite + Viagra or other erectile dysfunction medications

     

    A high risk that the person will lose consciousness due to a sudden and extreme drop in blood pressure. This may require immediate medical attention.

  • Amyl Nitrite + Amphetamine

     

    Increased strain on the heart and places the body under excess stress.

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    Aspirin + Alcohol

     

    Can increase the risk of stomach irritation and discomfort.

  • Aspirin + Warfarin or some blood pressure medicines

     

    May increase the risk of bleeding.

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    Benzodiazepines + alcohol or opiates (such as heroin)

     

    Breathing difficulties with an increased risk of overdose and death.

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    Cannabis + Alcohol

     

    Can cause nausea & vomiting.

    Cannabis is sometimes used to help with the ‘come down’ effects of stimulant drugs, such as ice, speed and ecstasy.

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    Cocaine + Alcohol

     

    Increases heart rate and blood pressure, which further heightens the risk of a heart attack. 

    Cocaine and alcohol also react within the liver to form a chemical known as Cocaethylene, which has toxic effects on the heart, liver and other organs. This can happen even if cocaine and alcohol are used separately on consecutive days. 

  • Cocaine + Heroin

     

    Sometimes known as a “Speedball”

    Heroin and cocaine have opposing effects on the central nervous system –heroin depresses it and cocaine stimulates it. Both heroin and cocaine can cause breathing difficulties and the use of them together can adversely affect a person’s heart rate. 

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    Cocaine + MDMA

     

    Increases heart rate and body temperature.

  • Cocaine + Antidepressants

     

    Increases the risk of “serotonin syndrome” — a condition when the brain is overloaded with serotonin. This can lead to excessive sweating, tremors, increased heartbeat and could also lead to seizures, shaking and shivering and death. 

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    Codeine + Alcohol

     

    Mental clouding, reduced coordination and slow breathing.

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    Ecstasy + Alcohol

     

    Increased risk of dehydration or consequently drinking too much water.

  • Ecstasy + Ice or Speed

     

    Increased risk of anxiety and reduced brain functioning due to dopamine depletion. Enormous strain on the heart and other parts of the body, which can lead to stroke.

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    Ecstasy + Antidepressants

     

    Drowsiness, clumsiness, restlessness and feeling drunk and dizzy.

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    Fentanyl + Alcohol

     

    Adds to adverse effects and may increase the risk of respiratory depression.

  • Fentanyl + Antidepressants

     

    May result in severe unpredictable reactions.

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    Fentanyl + benzodiazepines

     

    May add to the sedative effects and diminished breathing.

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    GHB + Alcohol or Benzodiazepines

     

    Chance of overdose is greatly increased. GHB will interact with prescription drugs heightening the risk of cardiac arrest and respiratory failure.

  • GHB + Amphetamines or Ecstasy

     

    Enormous strain on the body and risk of seizures.

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    Ibuprofen + Alcohol

     

    Can increase the risk of stomach irritation and discomfort.

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    Ice + Speed or Ecstasy

     

    Causes enormous strain on the heart and other parts of the body, which can lead to stroke.

  • Ice + Alcohol, Cannabis or Benzodiazepines

     

    Causes enormous strain on the body, and more likely to overdose. The stimulant effects of ice may mask the effects of depressant drugs like benzodiazepines and can increase the risk of overdose.

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    Inhalants + Alcohol, Benzodiazepines or Opiates

     

    Causes huge strain on the body, and can affect breathing rate and may increase the risk of passing out and suffocating or choking on vomit.

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    Ketamine + Alcohol or Opiates

     

    With the lack of awareness of effects of the depressant drugs, it may lead to taking too much and vomiting, slowed breathing, coma and death.

  • Ketamine + Amphetamines, Ecstasy and Cocaine

     

    Causes enormous strain on the body, which can lead to fast heart rate.

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    LSD + Ice, Speed or Ecstasy

     

    Can increase the chances of a bad trip and can also lead to panic.

  • LSD + Alcohol

     

    Increased nausea and vomiting.

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    MDMA + Alcohol

     

    Increased risk of dehydration and consequently drinking too much water.

  • MDMA + Ice or Speed

     

    Increased risk of anxiety and reduced brain functioning due to dopamine depletion. Enormous strain on the heart and other parts of the body, which can lead to stroke.

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    There is no current evidence demonstrating that mixing nitrous oxide with other substances increases health risks. However, it is possible that combining the gas with stimulants and other drugs places additional pressure on the heart, increases blood pressure and may disrupt heart rate. Anecdotal evidence suggests that combining nitrous oxide with other drugs such as cannabis, ketamine, LSD, magic mushroom and salvia can cause intense dissociation. 

  • Mixing Nitrous Oxide and Alcohol can cause:

     

    Confusion

    Feeling heavy or sluggish

    Reduced concentration

    Loss of body control

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    Opium is commonly taken with other drugs such as cannabis and/or methamphetamine.

    Black is the mixture of marijuana, methamphetamine and opium.

    Buddha is the mix of potent marijuana spiked with opium.

  • Opium + Depressants or Stimulants

     

    Taking multiple depressant drugs can significantly increase the chances of respiratory and cardiac depression and overdose. Similarly, taking depressants with stimulants may mask the negative effects of either, also leading to overdose.

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    Oxycodone + Alcohol

     

    Increased confusion and clumsiness and breathing difficulties.

  • Oxycodone + some Antidepressants

     

    Delirium, convulsions, respiratory failure, coma and death.

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    Magic Mushrooms + Ice, Speed or Ecstasy

     

    Can increase the chances of a bad trip and can also lead to panic.

  • Magic Mushrooms + some psychiatric medications

     

    Mushrooms should not be taken by people on psychiatric medications as a relapse or worsening of the condition could occur.

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    Synthetic Cathinones + Ice, Speed or Ecstasy

     

    Increase the risk of cardiovascular (heart) problems and substance-induced psychosis

  • Synthetic Cathinones + Alcohol + Cannabis

     

    Nausea and vomiting.

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    Tobacco + Benzodiazepines

     

    Reduced effectiveness of benzodiazepines.

  • Tobacco + Contraceptive Pill

     

    Increased risk of blood clots forming.

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    Naloxone hydrochloride is a drug that can reverse opioid overdose. It can also be used to treat respiratory depression during pain management or after an anesthetic. It works by blocking opioid drugs, such as heroin and methadone, from attaching to opioid receptors in the brain.

  • How is it used?

    Naloxone can be injected intravenously (into a vein) or intramuscularly (into a muscle) by medical professionals, such as paramedics. It can also be administered by family and friends of people who use opiates. Speak with your doctor for more information. It can also be taken as a nasal spray; however, naloxone nasal spray is not registered for use in Ireland at this time.

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    Who can administer Naloxone?

    Naloxone can be administered by authorised medical personnel such as ambulance officers. It can also be purchased over the counter at pharmacies or via prescription as an ampoule or pre-filled five dose syringe.

  • Effects of naloxone

    Naloxone cannot be used to get high, so it has no potential for misuse. There is no evidence that extended use of naloxone can cause harmful physical effects or dependence. People who take naloxone do not develop a tolerance to its effects and there have been no reported deaths from naloxone overdose.

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    Naltrexone blocks the effects of opioid medication including pain relief or feelings of well-being that can lead to opioid abuse. Naltrexone is used as part of a treatment program for drug or alcohol dependence.

    Naltrexone is used to prevent relapse in people who became dependent on opioid medicine and then stopped using it. Naltrexone can help keep you from feeling a “need” to use the opioid.

  • Naltrexone is also used to treat alcoholism by reducing your urge to drink alcohol. This may help you drink less or stop drinking completely. Naltrexone will not cause you to “sober up” and will not decrease the effects of alcohol you recently consumed.

    Naltrexone is not a cure for drug addiction or alcoholism.

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    How to use Naltrexone

    Naltrexone is taken by mouth with or without food, usually 50 milligrams once daily or as directed by your doctor.

  • Effects of naloxone

    Naloxone cannot be used to get high, so it has no potential for misuse. There is no evidence that extended use of naloxone can cause harmful physical effects or dependence. People who take naloxone do not develop a tolerance to its effects and there have been no reported deaths from naloxone overdose.

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    NBOMe (N-methoxybenzyl) is the name for a series of drugs that have hallucinogenic effects. Reports indicate that there are a number of different versions of NBOMe available – all with differing effects. Hallucinogens, also known as psychedelics, change the way a person perceives the world and can affect all the senses, altering a person’s thinking, sense of time and emotions. NBOMe drugs are also referred to as a new psychoactive substances (NPS) because they are designed to mimic or produce similar effects to common illicit drugs such as LSD.

  • Common Names

    N-Bomb

    Bom-25

    2C-I-NBOMe

    25-I-NBOMe

    25I

    Pandora

    Solaris

    Divination

    Wizard

    Smiley Paper

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    25-I-NBOMe is not the same as 2C-I

    It is important they are not confused because 25-I-NBOMe is a lot stronger and the effects are felt when only a very small amount is taken. It is therefore much easier to overdose after using 25-I-NBOMe. There have been reports that NBOMes have also been included in some ecstasy pills.

  • How is it used?

    NBOMes can be in the form of blotting paper (similar to LSD) with images and logos from popular culture, clear liquid, white powder or a pill. NBOMes have a very bitter taste whereas LSD has no taste.

    It was originally thought that 25I-NBOMe was inactive if swallowed, however there have been reports of overdoses occurring after oral administration.

    The most common methods of taking NBOMe are under the tongue, held in the cheek or snorting.

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    Nitrous oxide is a colorless gas that is commonly used for sedation and pain relief but is also used by people to feel intoxicated or high. It is commonly used by dentists and medical professionals to sedate patients undergoing minor medical procedures. It is also a food additive when used as a propellant for whipped cream and is used in the automotive industry to enhance engine performance. Nitrous oxide is classified as a dissociative anaesthetic and has been found to produce dissociation of the mind from the body (a sense of floating), distorted perceptions and in rare cases, visual hallucinations.

  • Common Names

    Laughing gas

    Nitro

    N2O

    NOS

    Nangs

    Whippet

    Hippy Crack

    Buzz Bomb

    Balloons

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    How is it used?

    The gas is inhaled, typically by discharging nitrous gas cartridges (bulbs or whippets) into another object, such as a balloon, or directly into the mouth. Inhaling nitrous oxide produces a rapid rush of euphoria and feeling of floating or excitement for a short period of time.

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    New psychoactive substances (NPS) are a range of drugs that have been designed to mimic established illicit drugs such as cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy and LSD. Manufacturers of these drugs develop new chemicals to replace those that are banned, which means that the chemical structures of the drugs are constantly changing to try to stay ahead of the law. New psychoactive substances (NPS) are being developed at an unprecedented rate.

    As of December 2015, 643 new psychoactive substances were registered in the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Early Warning Advisory on NPS. In 2015, the emergence of 75 substances was reported for the first time. Out of these, the majority of the substances belong to synthetic cannabinoids (21), synthetic cathinones (20) and phenethylamines (9). In addition, another 21 substances were reported for the first time in 2015, that are structurally diverse and do not fit to any of the above-mentioned groups.

  • Common Names

    Synthetic drugs, legal highs, herbal highs, party pills, synthetic cocaine, synthetic cannabis, herbal ecstasy, NBOMes, bath salts, plant fertiliser, herbal incense, room deodorisers, aphrodisiac tea, social tonics, new and emerging drugs (NEDs), drug analogues and research chemicals.

    These products can sometimes be marked ‘not for human consumption’.

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    Are they safer than established illicit drugs?

    This is one of the biggest misconceptions about NPS. Even though they are sometimes advertised as legal, this doesn’t mean they are safe. Given how rapidly new drugs are emerging, it is difficult to know the common effects of these drugs and what dose causes what effects.

    NPS do not typically come with a recommended dosage printed on the label. They are unregulated and untested. Given the chemicals in these drugs are constantly changing to try to stay ahead of the law, it’s possible to receive a very different product from batch to batch, even if the packaging and name are the same. NPS are relatively new, so there is limited information available about their short and long-term effects. However, synthetic cannabis has been reported to have more serious side-effects than cannabis.

  • Are they legal?

    The laws surrounding NPS are complex, constantly changing, and differ between countries, but in general they are increasingly becoming stronger. In Ireland there is now a ban on possessing or selling any substance that has a psychoactive effect other than alcohol, tobacco and food.

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    Types of NPS

    The 3 most common types of NPS are known as:

    • Party pills and pellets
    • Synthetic cannabis
    • Research chemicals and drug analogues

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    Opium is a depressant drug which means it slows down the messages travelling between your brain and body. Derived from the poppy (Papaver somniferum), it was traditionally cultivated in the Mediterranean and Asia. The Opium Poppy is one of the oldest plants in recorded history, with information dating back to 5,000 BCE. A milky substance called latex is collected from the poppy, air dried and manufactured into a brown powder or resin. This latex contains a combination of active chemicals such as morphine and codeine.

  • Common Names

    Aunti

    Big O

    Black pill

    Chinese Molasses

    Dopium

    Dream Gun

    Gee

    Guma

    Midnight Oil

    Zero

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    What does it look like?

    Opium is a sticky dark-brown gum with a strong odour. It can also be manufactured into a liquid, powder, or solid resin.

  • How is it used?

    Opium is commonly smoked, but can also be injected, swallowed or drunk. Raw opium has a bitter taste due to the alkaloid levels. Ingesting and injecting opium may increase the chance of overdose. Some of the most common ways to take opium are to smoke it via a bong or a pipe or take it in the form of a pill.

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  • In Jan 2016 Alex went to a house party in Cork City and tried a synthetic substance believing it to be a less potent drug. He was 18 years old and had a lot of plans for his future. Alex ended up taking a huge dose of the lethal drug known as N-bomb which resulted in him being brought to hospital where Alex never regained consciousness and 4 days later sadly died. 

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  • Alex changed the lives of 4 people by donating 2 of his kidneys, his liver and his heart but Alex’s story did not end here

    Nicole wanted what happened to her family to never need to happen to another so needlessly again so she decided that Alex would change the world and she would be his catalyst and story teller.

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  • Nicole gave up her career as a Marine & Plant Engineer to come home and build Alex’s Adventure. Over the last 4 years she have traveled the length and breadth of the country visiting schools and delivering her workshop educating and sharing how our choices can impact our lives forever. She has delivered this workshop to over 6000+ students nationwide.

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  • From this life changing experience Alex’s Adventure, the drug education series was born. Nicole and her team developed a brand-new programme inclusive of the whole community that aims to not only help students learn more about substance misuse but also to up-skill people in the community and empower them to be able to do what she can do.

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    Oxycodone hydrochloride belongs to a group of medicines called opioid analgesics. It is a depressant drug which means it slows down the messages travelling between the brain and the body. Depressant drugs do not necessarily make a person feel depressed. Other depressants include alcohol, cannabis and heroin. Oxycodone is most commonly prescribed by doctors to relieve moderate to severe pain. Some people misuse oxycodone to become intoxicated, which can result in serious side effects.

  • Common Names

    Hillbilly Heroin

    Oxy

    OC

    O

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    Types of Oxycodone

    Oxycodone comes in a number of forms including capsules, tablets, liquid and suppositories. It also comes in a variety of strengths.

  • How is it used?

    Oxycodone is usually swallowed but is sometimes injected or used as a suppository. To prevent tablets being injected by people who misuse them, they were reformulated in 2014. The tablets are now resistant to crushing and become a thick gel when added to water. They also have controlled release properties, even as a gel.

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    Paracetamol is a pharmaceutical drug, which is used to treat a number of conditions including:

    • Mild pain
    • Fever
    • Strong pain (when combined with codeine)
    • Colds and flu (when combined with antihistamines and decongestants)
    • Some people misuse paracetamol by intentionally taking more than the recommended dose in a mistaken attempt to get high, or as an act of self-harm.

    Paracetamol may also be known by its brand or trade names.

  • How is it used?

    Paracetamol is usually swallowed and comes in different forms including:

    • Tablets
    • Capsules
    • Suppositories
    • Soluble powders
    • Liquids

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    Party pills and pellets are sometimes marketed as natural supplements that increase energy or mood, with effects similar to ecstasy or amphetamines. However, these products can contain man-made chemicals and the label often doesn’t list the ingredients correctly.

    Research on them has demonstrated they are usually made with synthetic chemicals, which are cheaper. These products are marketed under names such as Loaded, HyperDrive and NeuroBlaster.

  • What do Party Pills look like?

    Party pills are available as pills or small pellet-like tablets or in small bottles of liquid.

    They are usually swallowed.

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    Performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) are substances taken by people with the intention of changing their physical appearance and to enhance their sporting performance.

  • Types of PIEDs

    Anabolic steroids – ‘roids, gear, juice Anabolic-androgenic steroids are synthetic hormones that imitate male sex hormones, specifically testosterone. They can be taken either as an injection or as a tablet. Steroids are used due to their anabolic effects that assist in the growth and repair of muscle tissue.

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    Peptides

    Peptides stimulate the release of human growth hormone, which has an important role in muscle and bone growth. Peptides have become increasingly popular among professional and amateur athletes as they are hard to detect due to how quickly they are absorbed by the body.

  • Hormones

    Hormones are chemicals released by the body. For example, the pituitary gland naturally releases growth hormone which tells bones and muscles to grow and repair. There are numerous artificial hormones and hormone stimulating drugs available in the PIEDs market.

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    Paramethoxyamphetamine (PMA) and paramethoxymethamphetamine (PMMA) are stimulants with hallucinogenic effects similar to MDMA, which is the main ingredient in ecstasy. In fact most people who take PMA or PMMA think they are taking ecstasy. However, drugs sold as ecstasy may not contain any MDMA. They can be a mix of amphetamines, PMA, PMMA, ketamine, NBOMe, methylone or other substances. This is potentially harmful as PMA and PMMA have more toxic effects (and are less euphoric) than MDMA. It also takes longer to feel these effects, so people may take another pill in the mistaken belief that the first has not worked, sometimes resulting in overdose.

  • Common Names

    Death

    Dr Death

    Pink Ecstasy

    Red Mitsubishi

    Killer

    Chicken Powder

    Chicken

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    How is it used?

    PMA and PMMA are usually swallowed and can be snorted or injected.

    PMA and PMMA have been around since the 1970s and have been associated with a number of deaths over the years worldwide.

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    Copied
    Drug Deaths
    • Ireland has the 5th highest drug mortality rate in Europe
    • Worldwide 50 people die every hour
    • 1 in 3 people die from alcohol abuse
    • 67% of poisonings involved licit (legal) drugs

    Drug Deaths

    • Ireland has the 5th highest drug mortality rate in Europe
    • Worldwide 50 people die every hour
    • 1 in 3 people die from alcohol abuse
    • 67% of poisonings involved licit (legal) drugs
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    Drugs being used in < 24 year olds
    • Alcohol
    • Benzodiazepines
    • New Psychoactive Substances
    • Cocaine
    • Psychedelics - MDMA/E's

    Drugs being used in < 24 year olds

    • Alcohol
    • Benzodiazepines
    • New Psychoactive Substances
    • Cocaine
    • Psychedelics – MDMA/E’s
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    Insufficient drug education
    • Teachers in Ireland have little training in Substance Misuse.
    • Materials are outdated and almost irrelevant.
    • Teachers are already overworked and stressed.

    Insufficient drug education

    • Teachers in Ireland have little training in Substance Misuse.
    • Materials are outdated and almost irrelevant.
    • Teachers are already overworked and stressed.
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    Students wanted to know more...
    • Students didn't want their teacher - 100% preferred and external resource.
    • Students wanted to know a more in depth look at substance misuse.
    • They wanted it to be relevant to their lives today. 

    Students wanted to know more...

    • Students didn’t want their teacher – 100% preferred and external resource.
    • Students wanted to know a more in depth look at substance misuse.
    • They wanted it to be relevant to their lives today. 
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    Research chemicals are marketed as pure psychoactive drugs. Similar to other NPS, research has not been conducted on how they affect humans.

    Many of the active ingredients in herbal highs/party pills and synthetic cannabis can be considered research chemicals.

    These substances often belong to groups such as cathinones, phenethylamines and tryptamines.

    Other names include Mephedrone, Flakka / Gravel, Dr Death, Synthacaine, methoxetamine (MXE), Benzo Furry and Ivory Wave.

  • What do Research Chemicals look like?

    Research chemicals usually come as a white powder, crystals, capsules or on blotter tab. These products are marketed under a range of names including research chemicals, plant food or bath salts. They may include warnings such as ‘not for human consumption’ or ‘only for research purposes’.

    They are swallowed, smoked, injected, snorted or taken anally (shelved).

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