Cocaine

Cocaine

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    Cocaine is a stimulant drug which means that it speeds up the messages travelling between the brain and the rest of the body. Cocaine comes from the leaves of the coca bush (Erythroxylum coca), which is native to South America.

  • Cocaine Variants

    The leaf extract is processed to produce 3 different forms of cocaine.

    Cocaine hydrochloride:a white, crystalline powder with a bitter, numbing taste. Cocaine hydrochloride is often mixed, or ‘cut’, with other substances such as lactose and glucose, to dilute it before being sold.

    Freebase: a white powder that is more pure with less impurity than cocaine hydrochloride.

    Crack: crystals ranging in color from white or cream to transparent with a pink or yellow hue, it may contain impurities.

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    Common names & How is it used?

    C

    Coke

    Nose Candy

    Snow

    Charlie

    Blow

    White 

    Flake

    Cocaine hydrochloride is most commonly snorted. It can also be injected, rubbed into the gums, added to drinks or food. Freebase and crack cocaine are usually smoked. Indigenous people of South America have traditionally chewed the leaves of the coca bush, or brewed them as a tea, for use as a stimulant or appetite suppressant.



Side Effects of Cocaine

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    There is no safe level of drug use. Use of any drug always carries risk.

    Cocaine affects everyone differently, based on:

    • Size, weight and health
    • Whether the person is used to taking it
    • Whether other drugs are taken around the same time
    • The amount taken

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    There is no safe level of drug use. Use of any drug always carries risk.

    Cocaine affects everyone differently, based on:

    • Size, weight and health
    • Whether the person is used to taking it
    • Whether other drugs are taken around the same time
    • The amount taken

  • The strength of the drug varies from batch to batch. You may experience:

    Happiness and confidence

    Talking more

    Feeling energetic and alert

    Quiet contemplation and rapture

    Feeling physically strong and mentally sharp

    Reduced appetite

    Dry mouth

    Enlarged (dilated) pupils

    Higher blood pressure and faster heartbeat and breathing (after initial slowing)

    Higher body temperature

    Unpredictable, violent or aggressive behavior

    Indifference to pain / Increased sex drive

    Copied
    The strength of the drug varies from batch to batch. You may experience:

    Happiness and confidence

    Talking more

    Feeling energetic and alert

    Quiet contemplation and rapture

    Feeling physically strong and mentally sharp

    Reduced appetite

    Dry mouth

    Enlarged (dilated) pupils

    Higher blood pressure and faster heartbeat and breathing (after initial slowing)

    Higher body temperature

    Unpredictable, violent or aggressive behavior

    Indifference to pain / Increased sex drive

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    Long-term effects:

    Regular use of cocaine may eventually cause:

    Insomnia and exhaustion

    Depression

    Anxiety, paranoia and psychosis

    Sexual dysfunction

    Hypertension and irregular heartbeat

    Heart disease and death

    Snorting cocaine regularly can also cause:

    Runny nose and nose bleeds

    Nose infection

    A hole in the tissue separating the nostrils

    Long term damage to the nasal cavity and sinuses

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    Long-term effects:

    Regular use of cocaine may eventually cause:

    Insomnia and exhaustion

    Depression

    Anxiety, paranoia and psychosis

    Sexual dysfunction

    Hypertension and irregular heartbeat

    Heart disease and death

    Snorting cocaine regularly can also cause:

    Runny nose and nose bleeds

    Nose infection

    A hole in the tissue separating the nostrils

    Long term damage to the nasal cavity and sinuses

  • High doses and frequent heavy use can also cause ‘cocaine psychosis’, characterised by paranoid delusions, hallucinations and out of character aggressive behavior. These symptoms usually disappear a few days after the person stops using cocaine.

    Injecting cocaine and sharing needles may also cause:

    Increased likelihood of overdose
    Tetanus
    Hepatitis B
    Hepatitis C
    HIV/AIDS

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    High doses and frequent heavy use can also cause ‘cocaine psychosis’, characterised by paranoid delusions, hallucinations and out of character aggressive behavior. These symptoms usually disappear a few days after the person stops using cocaine.

    Injecting cocaine and sharing needles may also cause:

    Increased likelihood of overdose
    Tetanus
    Hepatitis B
    Hepatitis C
    HIV/AIDS

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But Coke will sober me up

It’s a myth that cocaine sobers you up. Your brain is still switching off from the effects of the alcohol, but your physiology is being pumped because cocaine is a sympathomimetic. It stimulates that fight or flight response. In evolutionary terms, if a lion comes towards you, your body pumps itself up and gets ready to fight or run away. That’s what the cocaine is doing!

Mixing Cocaine with other drugs

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    Cocaine + Alcohol

     

    Increases heart rate and blood pressure, which further heightens the risk of a heart attack. 

    Cocaine and alcohol also react within the liver to form a chemical known as Cocaethylene, which has toxic effects on the heart, liver and other organs. This can happen even if cocaine and alcohol are used separately on consecutive days. 

  • Cocaine + Heroin

     

    Sometimes known as a “Speedball”

    Heroin and cocaine have opposing effects on the central nervous system –heroin depresses it and cocaine stimulates it. Both heroin and cocaine can cause breathing difficulties and the use of them together can adversely affect a person’s heart rate. 

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    Cocaine + MDMA

     

    Increases heart rate and body temperature.

  • Cocaine + Antidepressants

     

    Increases the risk of “serotonin syndrome” — a condition when the brain is overloaded with serotonin. This can lead to excessive sweating, tremors, increased heartbeat and could also lead to seizures, shaking and shivering and death. 

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The effects of taking Cocaine with other drugs including over-the-counter or prescribed medications can be unpredictable and dangerous.