PIEDs – Performance & Image Enhancing Drugs

Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs (PIEDs)

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    Performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) are substances taken by people with the intention of changing their physical appearance and to enhance their sporting performance.

  • Types of PIEDs

    Anabolic steroids – ‘roids, gear, juice Anabolic-androgenic steroids are synthetic hormones that imitate male sex hormones, specifically testosterone. They can be taken either as an injection or as a tablet. Steroids are used due to their anabolic effects that assist in the growth and repair of muscle tissue.

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    Peptides stimulate the release of human growth hormone, which has an important role in muscle and bone growth. Peptides have become increasingly popular among professional and amateur athletes as they are hard to detect due to how quickly they are absorbed by the body.

  • Hormones

    Hormones are chemicals released by the body. For example, the pituitary gland naturally releases growth hormone which tells bones and muscles to grow and repair. There are numerous artificial hormones and hormone stimulating drugs available in the PIEDs market.


Types & uses of PIEDs

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    Growth hormones like AOD-9604, which has fat burning properties and is used by athletes to increase power-to-weight ratios

    Selective Androgen Receptor Modules (SARMs) appear to only act on anabolic receptors that cause tissue (such as bone and muscle) growth. These are classed as a prohibited drug by World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).

  • Insulin-like growth factors (IGF-1) is a hormone produced by the liver, necessary for cell growth in the body. It is used for muscle growth and the development of cartilage and bone. This substance is a prohibited substance according to the WADA list.

    Mechano growth factor (MGF) is derived from IGF-1 and helps with tissue repair and adaptation. It is used mostly by bodybuilders and is on the WADA prohibited list.

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    Why do people use PIEDs?

    For most people who use PIEDs, body image is the main motivation for use. Due to desirable effects on physique, and improved self-esteem and confidence, people who use these drugs can develop a psychological dependence.

  • However, for professional athletes it is the advantage in physical strength and size that is the main reason for use.

    The expected benefits of using these substances may include:

    • Increasing the size and definition of muscles
    • Reducing water retention
    • Reducing body fat
    • Increasing strength and endurance
    • Helping the body recover quicker from injury


Harms associated with PIEDs

The effects of taking PIEDs with other drugs including over-the-counter or prescribed medications can be unpredictable and dangerous.