Synthetic Cathinones

Synthetic Cathinones

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    Synthetic cathinones are stimulants, meaning that they speed up the messages between the brain and the body and have similar effects to amphetamines. Synthetic cathinones are also part of a group of drugs known as New Psychoactive Substances (NPS). NPSs are a range of drugs that first appeared on the recreational drug market in the mid 2000s, that have been designed to mimic established illicit drugs, such as cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy and LSD.

  • Types of cathinones commonly used:

    • Mephedrone (4-MMC, M-CAT)
    • Methylone
    • Methcathinone
    • Buphedrone
    • Bupropion
    • Pyrovalerone
    • Alpha-Pyrrolidinovalerophenone (alpha-PVP)
    • MDPV

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    How are they used?

    Synthetic cathinones are usually snorted, swallowed or injected. When taken orally the desired effects are typically seen within 15–45 minutes. After snorting the desired effect is anecdotally reported to occur within a few minutes. The effects usually last for approximately 2-4 hours.

Side Effects of Synthetic Cathinones

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    There is no safe level of drug use. Use of any drug always carries risk.

    Synthetic cathinones affect everyone differently, based on:

    • The amount taken
    • A person’s size, weight and health
    • Whether the person is used to taking it
    • Whether other drugs are taken around the same time
    • The strength of the drug (which can vary from batch to batch)

    The individual effects and toxicity of each cathinone are distinct and can vary greatly between each person using them.

    Copied
    There is no safe level of drug use. Use of any drug always carries risk.

    Synthetic cathinones affect everyone differently, based on:

    • The amount taken
    • A person’s size, weight and health
    • Whether the person is used to taking it
    • Whether other drugs are taken around the same time
    • The strength of the drug (which can vary from batch to batch)

    The individual effects and toxicity of each cathinone are distinct and can vary greatly between each person using them.

  • Generally speaking, in small doses the following effects may be experienced and may last for approximately 2-4 hours:

    Rush of intense pleasure

    Feeling happy, energetic and wanting to talk more

    Intense connection with music

    Restless sleep

    Muscle tension (face and jaw)

    Blurred vision

    Light-headedness, dizziness

    Distorted sense of time

    Enlarged (dilated) pupils, blurred vision

    Dry mouth, thirst

    Sweating

    Memory loss

    Reduced appetite

    Sharing needles may also transmit:

    Tetanus

    Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis C

    HIV/AIDS

    Copied
    Generally speaking, in small doses the following effects may be experienced and may last for approximately 2-4 hours:

    Rush of intense pleasure

    Feeling happy, energetic and wanting to talk more

    Intense connection with music

    Restless sleep

    Muscle tension (face and jaw)

    Blurred vision

    Light-headedness, dizziness

    Distorted sense of time

    Enlarged (dilated) pupils, blurred vision

    Dry mouth, thirst

    Sweating

    Memory loss

    Reduced appetite

    Sharing needles may also transmit:

    Tetanus

    Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis C

    HIV/AIDS

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    Higher doses may result in the following adverse effects:

    Anxiety

    Paranoia

    Nose bleeds from snorting the drug

    Stomach pains, nausea, vomiting

    Skin rashes

    Fast or irregular heartbeat

    High blood pressure and hot flushes

    Strong urge to re-dose

    Chest pain

    Tremors, convulsions, death

    Copied
    Higher doses may result in the following adverse effects:

    Anxiety

    Paranoia

    Nose bleeds from snorting the drug

    Stomach pains, nausea, vomiting

    Skin rashes

    Fast or irregular heartbeat

    High blood pressure and hot flushes

    Strong urge to re-dose

    Chest pain

    Tremors, convulsions, death

Why are Synthetic Cathinones dangerous?

Mixing Synthetic Cathinones with other drugs

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    Synthetic Cathinones + Ice, Speed or Ecstasy

     

    Increase the risk of cardiovascular (heart) problems and substance-induced psychosis

  • Synthetic Cathinones + Alcohol + Cannabis

     

    Nausea and vomiting.

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The effects of combining Cathinones with other drugs – including over-the-counter or prescribed medications – can be unpredictable and dangerous.